Applied Physics 1 - May 2015
First Year Engineering (Semester 1)
TOTAL MARKS: 60
TOTAL TIME: 2 HOURS (1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any three from the remaining questions.
(3) Use suitable data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
Attempt any five from the following:
1 (a) Draw the following in a cubic unit cell (0 1 2), (1 2 3), [1 2 1] (3 marks)
1 (b) Define the term space lattice, unit cell and lattice parameter. (3 marks)
1 (c) Determine the lattice constant for FCC lead crystal of radius 1.746 Å and also find the spacing of (2 2 0) plane. (3 marks)
1 (d) Define: drift current, diffusion current and mobility of charge carriers. (3 marks)
1 (e) What is the probability of an electron being thermally promoted to conduction band in diamond at 27°C, if bandgap is 5.6 eV wide. (3 marks)
1 (f) Why soft magnetic materials are used in core of transformers? (3 marks)
1 (g) Calculate the electronic polarizability of A1. Given number of Air atoms at NTP=2.7×1025/m3 and dielectric constant of Ar=1.0024. (3 marks)
2 (a) Show that for intrinsic semiconductors the Fermin level lies midway between the conduction band and the valence band. Draw the energy level diagram a function of temperature for n-type of semi-conductor. (8 marks)
2 (b) Cu has FCC structure. If the interplanar spacing d is 2.08 A° for the set of (111) planes. Find the density and diameter of Cu atom. Give atomic weight of Cu is 63.54. (7 marks)
3 (a) What is hysteresis? Draw a hysteresis loop for ferromagnetic material and explain the various important points on it. For a transformer which kind of material will you prefer-the one with small hysteresis area or the big one? (8 marks)
3 (b) Derive Bragg's law. X-ray of unknown wavelength give first order Bragg's reflection at glancing angle of 20° with (2 1 2) planes of cooper having FCC structure. Find the wavelength of X-rays, if the lattice constant for cooper is 3.615 A°. (7 marks)
4 (a) Discuss Diamond structure with neat diagram and also determine the effective number of atoms / unit cell, co-ordination number and atomic radius in tems of lattice constant. (5 marks)
4 (b) Classify solids on the basis of energy band diagram. (5 marks)
4 (c) Explain orientational polarization with suitable diagram and write the mathematical expression of orientational polarizability. (5 marks)
5 (a) Calculate the number of atoms per unit cell of a metal having the lattice parameter 2.9 A° and density 7.87 gm/cm3. Atomic weight of metal is 55.85. Avogadro number is 6.023×1023/gm mole. (5 marks)
5 (b) What is Hall effect? Mention its significance. How mobility can be determined by using Hall effect? (5 marks)
5 (c) The reverberation time is found to be 1.5 second, for an empty Hall and it is found to be 1.0 second when a curtain cloth of 20m2 is suspended at the centre of the Hall. If the dimensions of the hall are 10×8×6m3, calculate the coefficient of absorption of curtain cloth. (5 marks)
6 (a) Describe principle, construction and working of magnetostriction oscillator to produce ultrasonic waves. (5 marks)
6 (b) Briefly explain the different types of point defects.(5 marks)
6 (c) Explain how a voltage difference is generated in a p-n junction when it is used in a photovoltaic solar cell. (5 marks)