Applied Physics 2 - Dec 2015
First Year Engineering (Semester 2)
TOTAL MARKS: 60
TOTAL TIME: 2 HOURS (1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any three from the remaining questions.
(3) Use suitable data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
Attempt any five of the following
1 (a) Fringes of equal thickness are observed in a thin glass wedge of R.I-1.52. The fringe spacing is 1mm and wavelength of light used is 5893Å. Calculate the angle of the wedge.(3 marks)
1 (b) What is meant by diffraction? State its type and differentiate them.(3 marks)
1 (c) The core diameter of multimode step index fibre is 50 μm. The numerical aperture is 0.25. Calculate the no. of guided modes at an operating wavelength of 0.75μm.(3 marks)
1 (d) Differentiate spontaneous and simulated emission process related to laser operation.(3 marks)
1 (e) How is phase difference between two A.C. signals measured by CRO?(3 marks)
1 (f) What is De-Broglie wavelength of an electron which has been accelerated from rest through a potential difference of 100V?(3 marks)
1 (g) How can the 'Maglev' train have very high speed?(3 marks)
2 (a) Show that the diameter of Newton's nth ring is directly proportional to square, root of ring number. In a Newton's ring pattern one of the dark ring due to light of wavelength 7000A°. Is found to coincide with the dark right of next order due to 5000A°. If the radius of curvature of the lens is 148.8cm. Find the diameter of the overlapping darking.(8 marks)
2 (b) Define :
i) Numerical aperture
ii) Total internal reflection
iii) Acceptance angle
Derive the expression for numerical aperture of step index fibre.(6 marks) 3 (a) What is Holography? Explain the construction and reconstruction of Hologram with neat diagrams.(8 marks) 3 (b) Why are the fringes in Wedge shaped film straight? Derive the conditions of maxima and minima for interference in wedge shaped film.(7 marks) 4 (a) A diffraction grating used at normal incidence gives a yellow line (λ=6000 A°) in a certain spectral order superimposed on a blue line (λ=4800 A°) of next higher order. If the angle of diffraction is sin-1 (3/4), Calculate th grating element.(5 marks) 4 (b) Derive Schrodinger's time-independent wave equation.(5 marks) 4 (c) Differentiate Type-I and Type-II super conductor.(5 marks) 5 (a) The visible spectrum ranges from 4000 A° to 7000 A°. Find the angular breadth of the first order visible spectrum produced by a plane grating having 6000 lines/cm when light is incident normally on the grating.(5 marks) 5 (b) Show that the energy of an electron in a box varies as the square of the natural number.(5 marks) 5 (c) What are carbon-nano tubes? Explain its properties?(5 marks) 6 (a) With single slit electron diffraction, prove Heisenberg's uncertainty principle.(5 marks) 6 (b) Explain the principle, construction and working of CRT with neat diagrams.(5 marks) 6 (c) Explain the top down approach and bottom up approach to prepare nanomaterials.(5 marks)