Thermodynamics - Dec 2015
Mechanical Engineering (Semester 3)
TOTAL MARKS: 80
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS (1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any three from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data if required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
Answer any Five of the following:
1 (a) State the first law of thermodynamics for the Closed system undergoing a cycle.(4 marks)
1 (b) Explain Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics.(4 marks)
1 (c) Show that entropy is property of system.(4 marks)
1 (d) Define Availability and Unavailability.(4 marks)
1 (e) Define COP for refrigerator and heat pump. Derive relation between them.(4 marks)
1 (f) Define:
i) Dryness Fraction
ii) Sensible heat of water
iii) Latent heat of vaporisation
iv) Superheated Steam.(4 marks) 2 (a) State the Kelvin Planck and Clausius statement and establish the equivalence of both for Second law of Thermodynamics.(8 marks) 2 (b) One kg of dry saturated steam undergoes an isentropic expansion process from 10 bar to
i) In a cylinder fitted with a piston
In a turbine.(12 marks) 3 (a) State and derive Steady flow energy equation and apply it to a boiler, condenser, nozzle and turbine.(8 marks) 3 (b) Liquid Octane C8 H18 at 25°C is used as fuel. Air used is 150% of theoretical air and is supplied at 25°C. Assume a complete combustion and the product leaves the combustion chamber at 1600K. Calculate heat transfer per kg mole of fuel. Use the following data
|Substance||h°f (MJ/Kmole)||h298K (MJ/Kmole)||h1600K (MJ/Kmole)|
Take R=0.287 KJ/KgK, Cv=0.713 KJ/KgK.(12 marks) 5 (a) Explain Maxwell relations.(4 marks) 5 (b) Explain Clausius-Clapyeron Equation.(4 marks) 5 (c) An engine working on the Otto Cycle is supplied with air at 0.1 MPa and 35°C. The compression ratio is 8. Heat supplied is 2100 KJ/kg. Calculate the maximum pressure and temperature of the cycle, the cycle efficiency and mean effective pressure.(12 marks) 6 (a) Explain
ii) Enthalpy of Formation
iii) Enthalpy of Combustion
iv) Adiabatic flame temperature(8 marks) 6 (b) A reversible engine receives heat from two thermal reservoir maintained at constant temperature of 750K and 500K. The engine develops 100KW and rejects 3600 KJ/min of heat to a heat sink at 250K. Determine the heat supplied by each thermal reservoir and thermal efficiency of the engine.(12 marks)