Building Construction - Dec 2015
Civil Engineering (Semester 3)
TOTAL MARKS: 100
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS (1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any four from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
1(a)1 Enumerates any four components of building.(1 marks) 1(a)10 Explain water cement ratio and state its range.(1 marks) 1(a)11 Explain the differences between pitched roof and flat roof.(1 marks) 1(a)12 Enumerate various defects in plastering.(1 marks) 1(a)13 Differentiate between shoring and underpinning.(1 marks) 1(a)14 Enlist the materials used for damp-proofing.(1 marks) 1(a)2 Suggest the methods of sub-surface investigation for hard rock material.(1 marks) 1(a)3 Write the function of frog in brick.(1 marks) 1(a)4 Give the standard and nominal size of brick.(1 marks) 1(a)5 Define header and stretcher with figure.(1 marks) 1(a)6 Explain cornice and corbel with figure.(1 marks) 1(a)7 Give the situations under which various stone masonries are used.(1 marks) 1(a)8 Explain the purpose of providing cavity wall.(1 marks) 1(a)9 Write two advantages of hollow concrete masonry(1 marks) 2(a) Explain the purposes of sub-surface investigation.(3 marks) 2(b) Explain the classification of windows and discuss any one of them with a neat sketch.(4 marks)
Solved any one question from Q.2(c) & Q.2(d)
2(c) Give a pointwise comparison between stone masonry and brick masonry.(7 marks) 2(d) Describe with figure various precautions to be taken for foundations in black cotton soil.(7 marks) 3(a) Describe the points to be kept in mind while selecting the method of site exploration.(3 marks) 3(b) Draw a neat sketch of one brick thick English bond and describe the characteristics of English bond.(4 marks)
Solved any one question from Q.3 & Q.4
3(c) Describe various causes of failure of foundation and their remedies.(7 marks)
4(a) Describe various defects in brick masonry.(3 marks)
4(b) Define composite masonry and explain anyone its type with figure.(4 marks)
4(c) Describe in brief
(1) Hollow concrete block masonry (2) Cavity walls(7 marks)
Solved any one question from Q.5 & Q.6
5(a) Differentiate between precast and cast-in-situ concrete construction.(3 marks)
5(b) Draw a neat sketch of door with all components and describe the function of each component.(4 marks)
5(c) Describe the classification of stair and discuss any two of
them in details (with figure).(7 marks)
6(a) Explain essential requirements of floor.(3 marks)
6(b) Describe lean to roof with a neat sketch.(4 marks)
6(c) Explain the following in relation of roof (with a figure)
(1) Rise (2) Pitch (3) Principal rafter (4) Common rafter (5) Purlin (6) Cleat (7) Ridge(7 marks)
Solved any one question from Q.7 & Q.8
7(a) Discuss in brief various roof covering materials.(3 marks) 7(b) Define pointing and its types in brief.(4 marks) 7(c) Define scaffolding and its component parts. Describe needle scaffolding in detail (with figure)(7 marks) 8(a) Discuss cause of fire and its precautionary measures.(3 marks) 8(b) Discuss various principles to be followed for providing damp proofing.(4 marks) 8(c) Write short note on (1) Thermal insulation (2) Anti-termite treatment(7 marks)