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Question: Draw describe with neat diagram SNMPv1 PDU format
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Subject: Telecom Network Management

Topic: Internet Management(SNMP)

Difficulty: Medium

tnm(38) • 753 views
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modified 10 weeks ago by gravatar for mankar.shubhangi07 mankar.shubhangi070 written 3 months ago by gravatar for stanzaa37 stanzaa370
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• Simple Network Management Protocol i.e. SNMP is a simple request/response protocol in which SNMP manager communicates with SNMP agents/managed devices using SNMP PDU’s (Packet Data Unit).

• These PDUs are encapsulated in SNMP Messages.

• An snmp message consists of a sequence that contains SNMP version, Community String, and SNMP PDU and an SNMP PDU forms the body of the message

• SNMP Message is different from SNMP PDU

  1. SNMPv1 PDU Format

• For SNMPv1, there are two PDU formats, one for Trap and other for rest of the PDU types.

• Below PDU format is applicable for Get, GetNext, Set and Response PDUs:

• PDU Type – Specifies the type of PDU

• Request ID – Associates SNMP requests with responses.

• Error status – Indicates one of a number of errors and error types. It is set only in Response PDU, for rest it is set as 0.

• Error index – Associates an error with a particular object instance. It is set only in Response PDU, for rest it is set as 0.

• Variable bindings – Each variable binding associates a particular object instance with its current value. For Get and GetNext requests, the value is ignored.

Below PDU format is applicable for Trap PDU:

• PDU Type – Specifies the type of PDU as Trap

• Enterprise – Identifies the management enterprise under whose registration authority the trap was defined.

• Agent address – IP address of the agent

• Generic trap type – Used to identiy the generic trap. There are six types of generic traps.

• Specific trap type – Used to identify a specific trap.

• Time Stamp – Value of the sysUpTime mib object

  1. SNMPv2 PDU Format

• For SNMPv2, there are two PDU formats, one for GetBulk and other for rest of the PDU types.

• Below PDU format is applicable for Get, GetNext, Set, Response, Trap and Inform PDUs:

• PDU Type- Specifies the type of PDU

• Request ID- Associates SNMP requests with responses.

• Error Status- Indicates one of a number of errors and error types. It is set only in Response PDU, for rest it is set as 0.

• Error Index- Associates an error with a particular object instance. It is set only in Response PDU, for rest it is set as 0.

• Variable Bindings- Each variable binding associates a particular object instance with its current value. For Get and GetNext requests, the value is ignored.

• Below PDU format is applicable for GetBulk PDU:

• PDU Type – Specifies the type of PDU as GetBulk

• Request ID- Associates SNMP requests with responses.

• Non repeaters- Specifies the number of object instances in the variable bindings field that should be retrieved no more than once from the beginning of the request.

• Max repetitions- Defines the maximum number of times that other variables beyond those specified by the Non repeaters field should be retrieved.

• Variable Bindings- Each variable binding associates a particular object instance with its current value.

  1. SNMPv3 PDU Format

• The PDU types for SNMPv3 are the same as the SNMPv2.

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written 10 weeks ago by gravatar for mankar.shubhangi07 mankar.shubhangi070
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