1. Definition of solid waste Domestic:
Garbage, ashes, rubbish, dust, debris.
Commercial: wastes from offices, shops and markets etc.
Hazardous waste: household, industrial.
2. Sources of solid wastes:
Household wastes. Waste from commercial establishments, offices, vegetable markets, fish and meat markets, stables. Solid waste from construction activities. Hospital wastes, dead animals.
3. Quantity, composition and properties of solid wastes:
Per capita municipal solid waste. Quantity of industrial solid waste per unit produced. Compositions: physical, chemical and biological constituents. Sampling and characterization of solid wastes.
4. Collection, segregation, storage and transportation of solid waste:
House to house collection, collection centers: location, sizes, types and maintenance. Transportation methods: manual, mechanical, methods with or without compaction, economy in transportation of waste, optimization of transportation routes.
5. Effects of solid waste on environment:
effects on air, soil, water surface and ground, health hazards
6. Disposal of solid waste:
Segregation, reduction at source, recovery and recycle Disposal methods : pen dumping, sanitary land filling, composting anaerobic and aerobic, incineration, sea disposal, vermin-composting
7. Modern trends:
Thermal, biological and chemical conversion technologies.
8. Industrial solid waste:
Waste products during manufacture, filling and parking, operation of pollution control facilities, generation, minimization at source, recycling and Disposal.
9. Introduction to hazardous waste:
Generation, minimization at source, treatment and disposal.