Basic Mechanical Engg. - May 2013
First Year Engineering (Set A) (Semester 2)
TOTAL MARKS: 100
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS (1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any four from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
Answer any one question from Q1 & Q2
1 (a) Explain the stress-strain diagram of mild steel with the help of a neat sketch.(7 marks)
1 (b) Define following properties of engineering materials :
iv)Modulus of elasticity(7 marks) 10 (a) With the help of P-V diagram. Explain the working of a four stroke diesel engine.(7 marks) 10 (b) An engine working on otto cycle is supplied with air at 0.1 MPa and 35°C. The compression ratio is 8. Heat supplied is 2100 kj/kg. Calculate the maximum pressure and temperature of the cycle, cycle efficiency and mean effective pressure.(7 marks) 2 (a) Describe composition of grey cast iron and its properties and application in engineering field.(7 marks) 2 (b) What are alloy steel? Why alloying is done. Explain.(7 marks)
Answer any one question from Q3 & Q4
3 (a) What is the use of micrometer? Explain its working.(7 marks) 3 (b) Explain the use of sine bar.(7 marks) 4 (a) Write short notes on slip gages.(7 marks) 4 (b) With the help of a simple sketch, explain different components of Lathe machine.(7 marks)
Answer any one question from Q5 & Q6
5 (a) What is Bernoulli's theorem for incompressible fluid. How is it used to measure flow in a pipe.(7 marks) 5 (b) How hydraulic pumps are classified. Explain.(7 marks) 6 (a) Differentiate between viscous and non-viscous flow.(7 marks) 6 (b) Explain the working of a fluid coupling.(7 marks)
Answer any one question from Q7 & Q8
7 (a) State and explain second law of thermo dynamics.(7 marks) 7 (b) Explain the working of a vapour compression refrigeration system with the help of a neat diagram.(7 marks) 8 Steam at 18 bar and dryness fraction 0.9 is heated at constant pressure until it becomes dry and saturated. Find the increase in volume, heat supplied and work done per kg of steam. Further if volume of steam is kept constant, find how much heat be extracted to reduce the pressure of steam to 14 bar.(14 marks)
Answer any one question from Q9 & Q10
9 (a) What is steam engine? Explain its actual working with the help of actual indicator diagram.(7 marks) 9 (b) Compare the working of petrol and diesel engines.(7 marks)