Question Paper: Elements of Civil Engineering : Question Paper Jun 2014 - First Year Engineering (Semester 2) | Gujarat Technological University (GTU)
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## Elements of Civil Engineering - Jun 2014

### First Year Engineering (Semester 2)

TOTAL MARKS: 100
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS
(1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any four from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.

1(a)1 Planning of a very large area covering several towns and villages is known as:
( a ) Town planning
( b ) Village planning
( c ) Urban planning
( d ) Regional planning
(1 marks)
1(a)2 Totalstation take measurements of
( a ) Length
( b ) Angle
( c )coordinates
( d ) All of the above
(1 marks)
1(a)3 Offset are set by instrument
( a ) Cross staff ( b ) Prism square
( c ) Optical square ( d )All of these
(1 marks)
1(a)4 If W.C.B. of any line lies in quadrant IV then R.B. is equal to
( a )WCB ( b ) 360°-WCB ( c )180°-WCB ( d )WCB-180°
(1 marks)
1(a)5 Write full form of: GTS(1 marks) 1(a)6 Curvature correction in leveling is Always
( b ) Subtractive
(1 marks)
1(a)7 Contour lines cross one another in case of :
( a ) Vertical cliff
( b )Hillock
( c )Overhanging cliff
( d ) Reservoi
(1 marks)

### Objective Questions: MCQ: choose right answer.

1(b)1 As per principles of building planning --- longer walls of building should face the direction:
( a ) North-East
( b )North -South
( c ) East-West
( d )North-Wes
(1 marks)
1(b)2 To define grade of concrete which characteristics is used:
( a ) Tensile strength
( b ) ompressive strength
( c ) Density
( d ) None of the abov
(1 marks)
1(b)3 (D)Depth of wall foundation is calculated by thumb rule ( T=Wall thickness)
( a ) D is greater than equal to 2T+30
( b ) D is less than equal to 2T+30
( c ) D is greater than equal to T+30
( d ) one of the above
(1 marks)
1(b)4 Which type of door provides maximum safety
(a ) Hollow core flush door
( b ) Solid core flush door
(c )Sash door
(d )Battened and ledged door
(1 marks)
1(b)5 For span of 12 m which pitched roof can be suggested
(a ) King post
( b ) Queen post
( c ) Lean to roof
(d ) All of the above
(1 marks)
1(b)6 A barrier across a river to change flow of river water is called
( a )Weir
(b) Dam
(c)Barrage
(d ) Aqueduct
(1 marks)
(a ) Regulatory sign
( b )Warning sign
(c)Informatory sign
( d ) Prohibitory sign
(1 marks)
2(a)i What is the difference between plan and map?(4 marks) 2(a)ii Convert the following bearing:
a.RB=S50°E
b.RB=S 20 °W
c. WCB=250°
(3 marks)
2(b) What will be the horizontal distance between two points if measured along rising slope of 1 in 10 found 480m?(7 marks) 3(a) Write classification of lime(7 marks) 3(b) Prepare plan for a room with verandah in scale 1:50. The size of room is 3.0 m x 4.50 m. Verandah is 1.8 m wide. The thickness of wall is 30 cm for external and 20 cm for internal. Provide door, window and steps at suitable location. Write assumed dimensions for them.(7 marks) 4(a)i What is local attraction? What are the sources of local attraction?(3 marks) 4(a)ii Explain geodetic surveying(4 marks) 4(b)

Following table shows a page of a level book. Calculate values for Rise and Fall. Calculate R.L. of the stations. Apply arithmetic checks. R.L.of B.M. is 150.000

 st BS IS FS Rise Fall R.L Remark A 2.500 - - B.M B 1.685 - 1.575 C -- 2.735 - D 1.515 - 3.335 E - 2.325 - F - 1.050 - G 1.775 - 0.675 H - - 2.450
(7 marks) 5(a)i Write use of plannimeter with formula(3 marks) 5(a)ii Discuss the principles of planning: Flexibility and Circulation in brie(4 marks) 5(b)

The following fore bearings are observed in a closed traverse ABCD while surveying around a building. Calculate the included angles

 Line Bearing AB 124° BC 60° CD 318° DA 200°
(7 marks)
6(a) Discuss about various dams(7 marks) 6(b)i What is mass transportation system?(3 marks) 6(b)ii Sketch the traffic signs for following:
a. STOP
b. GIVE WAY
c. T Intersection
d. ONE WAY
(4 marks)
7(a) Write functions of following building components:
1.Weathershed /Chajja
2. Lintel
3.Plinth
4. Stair
5. Foundation
6. Beam
7. Slab
(7 marks)
7(b)i Explain the term Infrastructure(4 marks) 7(b)ii What are GPS, RS and GIS?(3 marks)