Question Paper: Engineering Maths 1 : Question Paper Dec 2015 - First Year Engineering (P Cycle) (Semester 1) | Visveswaraya Technological University (VTU)
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## Engineering Maths 1 - Dec 2015

### First Year Engineering (P Cycle) (Semester 1)

TOTAL MARKS: 100
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS
(1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any four from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
1 (a) If y=eax sin(bx+c) then prove that $y_n = (a^2 + b^2)^{\frac {n}{2}} \ e^x \sin \left [ (bx + c)+ n \tan^{-1} \left ( \dfrac {b}{a} \right ) \right ]$(6 marks) 1 (b) Show that the radius of curvature at any point of the cycloide. x=a(θ+sin θ); y=a (1- cos θ) is 4a cos $\left ( \dfrac {\theta}{2} \right )$(7 marks) 1 (c) Show that the two curves r=a(1+cos θ) and r=a(1- cos θ) cut each other orthogonally.(7 marks) 10 (a) Solve by LU decomposition method,
3x+2y+7z=4
2x+3y+z=5
3x+4y+z=7.
(7 marks)
10 (b) Reduce the quadratic form 3x2+5y2+3z2-2y2+2zx-2xy the canonical form and specify the matrix of transformation.(6 marks) 10 (c) Show that the transformation y1= 2x1+x2+x3, y2=x1+x2+2x3, y3=x1-2x3 is regular and also write down the inverse information.(7 marks) 2 (a) If x=sin t and y=cos pt then prove that (1-x2)yn+2 - (2n+1) xyn+1 + (p2 - n2)yn = 0.(7 marks) 2 (b) Show that the Pedal equation for the curve rm=am cos mθ is Pam=rm+1.(6 marks) 2 (c) Derive an expression for radius of curvature in polar form.(7 marks) 3 (a) If 'u' is a homogeneous function of degree 'n' in the variable x and y, then prove that $x \dfrac {\partial u}{\partial x} + y \dfrac {\partial u}{\partial y} = nu.$(7 marks) 3 (b) Using Maclaurin's series prove that, $\sqrt{1+ \sin 2x} = 1 + x - \dfrac {x^2}{2}- \dfrac {x^3}{3}+ \dfrac {x^4}{24} + \cdots \cdots$(6 marks) 3 (c) If z is a function of x and y where x=eu + e-v and y=e-u-ev, then prove that $$\dfrac {\partial z}{\partial u} - \dfrac {\partial z}{\partial v} = x \dfrac {\partial z}{\partial x} - y \dfrac {\partial z}{\partial y}$$(7 marks) 4 (a) If $u=\sin^{-1} \left [ \dfrac {x^2 + y^2}{x+y} \right ]$ then prove that $x \dfrac {\partial u}{\partial x} + y \dfrac {\partial u}{\partial y}=\tan u.$(7 marks) 4 (b) Evaluate $\lim_{x\to 0} \left [ \dfrac {a^x + b^x + c^x + d^x}{4} \right ]^{\frac {1}{x}}$(6 marks) 4 (c) If u=x+y+z, uv=y+z and and uvw=z then show that $\dfrac {\partial (x \ y \ z)}{\partial (u \ v \ w)}=u^2 v.$(7 marks) 5 (a) A particle moves along the curve x=(1-t3), y=(1+t2), z=(2t-5) determine its velocity and acceleration. Also find the components of velocity and acceleration at t=1 in the direction of 2i+j+2k.(7 marks) 5 (b) Using differentiation under integral sign evaluate $\int^1_0 \dfrac {x^n - 1}{\log x}dx, \ a\ge 0$(6 marks) 5 (c) Apply the general rules to trace the curve r=a(1+cos θ).(7 marks) 6 (a) Apply the general rule to trace curve y2 (a-x) = x2(a+x), a>0.(7 marks) 6 (b) Show that $\overrightarrow {F} = (y^2 - z^2 + 3yz - 2x) \widehat{i} + (3xz + 2xy)\widehat{j}+ (3xy - 2xz + 2z) \widehat{k}$ is both solenoidal and irrotational.(6 marks) 6 (c) Show that div (curl A)=0.(7 marks) 7 (a) Obtain the reduction formula for $\int \cos^n xdx$ where 'n' being the positive integer.(7 marks) 7 (b) Solve (y cos x+ sin y+y)dx + (sin x+ x cos y+x)dy=0(6 marks) 7 (c) Show that the family of curves $\dfrac {x^2}{a^2+\lambda} + \dfrac {y^2}{b^2 + \lambda}=1$, where &lambda is a parameter is self orthogonal.(7 marks) 8 (a) Evaluate $\int^{\frac {\pi}{4}}_0 \cos^6 x \sin^6 xdx$(7 marks) 8 (b) $$\text{Solve }e^y \left ( \dfrac {dy}{dx} +1\right )=e^x$$(6 marks) 8 (c) A body originally at 80°C cools down to 60°C in 20 minutes. The temperature of air being 40°C. What will be the temperature of the body after 40 minutes from the original?(7 marks) 9 (a) Find the Rank of the matrix $\begin{bmatrix} 1 &2 &3 &4 \\\\5 &6 &7 &8 \\\\8 &7 &0 &5 \end{bmatrix}$(7 marks) 9 (b) Find the largest Eigen value and the corresponding Eigen vector of the given matrix 'A' by using the Rayleigh's power method. Take [1 0 0]t as the initial Eigen vector. $$A=\begin{bmatrix} 2 &0 &1 \\0 &2 &0 \\1 &0 &2 \end{bmatrix}$$(6 marks) 9 (c) Solve 2x+y+4z=12, 4x+11y-z=33 and 8x-3y+2z=20 by using Gauss Elimination method.(7 marks)