Question Paper: Basic Electronics : Question Paper Jun 2014 - First Year Engineering (C Cycle) (Semester 2) | Visveswaraya Technological University (VTU)
0

## Basic Electronics - Jun 2014

### First Year Engineering (C Cycle) (Semester 2)

TOTAL MARKS: 100
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS
(1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any four from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.

### Choose the correct answer for the following :-

1 (a) (i) Zener diode can be used for rectification. This statement is ______
(A) True
(B) false
(C) neither true nor false
(D) noe of these
(1 marks)
1 (a) (ii) The maximum efficiency of full wave rectifier is _____
(A) 40.6%
(B) 60.4%
(C) 78.5%
(D) 81.2%
(1 marks)
1 (a) (iii) The knee voltage of a silicon diode is ______
(A) 0.3V
(B) 0.5V
(C) 0.7V
(D) none of these
(1 marks)
1 (a) (iv) If f Hz is the frequency of the input given to a half wave rectifier, the output frequency will be
(A) 2f Hz
(B) f Hz
(C) 3f Hz
(D) 0.5f Hz
(1 marks)
1 (b) Draw and explain the VI-characteristics of a Si-diode and Ge-diode.(6 marks) 1 (c) With a neat circuit diagram, explain the working principles of full wave bridge rectifier and show that the ripple factor=0.48, and efficiency = 81.2%(10 marks)

### Choose the correct answer for the following :-

2 (a) (i) The current conduction in BJT is because of _____
(A) electrons
(B) holes
(C) both electrons and holes
(D) none of these
(1 marks)
2 (a) (ii) If &alph;=0.95, then the values if ? of transistor is _____
(A) 0.05
(B) 19
(C) 100
(D) 120
(1 marks)
2 (a) (iii) Common collector arrangement is generally used for _____
(A) impedance matching
(B) voltage amplification
(C) current amplifier
(D) none of these
(1 marks)
2 (a) (iv) The current relationship between two current gain in a transistor is _____
[ (A) eta =dfrac {alpha}{1- alpha} $$B) eta=dfrac {1+alpha }{1-alpha}$$C) eta = dfrac {1-alpha}{1+alpha}$$D) eta = dfrac {1+eta}{eta}$$
(1 marks)
2 (b) Draw input and output characteristics of an NPN transistor in common base configuration and explain.(10 marks) 2 (c) For a Silicon transistor ?dc=0.995, emitter current is 10 mA and leakage current Ico is 0.5?A. Find Ic, IB, &beata; and ICEO.(6 marks)

### Choose the correct answer for the following :-

3 (a) (i) Which of the following factor affects the Q-point stability?
(A) Ico
(B) coupling capacitor
(C) emitter resistor
(D) bypass capacitor
(1 marks)
3 (a) (ii) The inter section of the dc load line with given base current curve is the
(A) h-point
(B) D-point
(C) Q-point
(D) none of these
(1 marks)
3 (a) (iii) For an emitter follower, the voltage gain is ______
(A) unity
(B) greater than unity
(C) less than unity
(D) zero
(1 marks)
3 (a) (iv) The best biasing stability is achieved by using _____ biasing method.
(A) fixed
(B) collectro to base
(C) voltage divider
(D) none of these
(1 marks)
3 (b) Explain the working of collector-to-base bias circuit using an NPN transistor and derive the equation for IB.(8 marks) 3 (c) Define stability factor and discuss the factor that cuase instability of biasing circuits.(8 marks)

### Choose the correct answer for the following :-

4 (a) (i) FET is a _____ controlled device.
(A) Voltage
(B) Current
(C) Pulse
(D) Power
(1 marks)
4 (a) (ii) PNPN device is an _____
(A) UJT
(B) SCR
(C) MOSFET
(D) MODFET
(1 marks)
4 (a) (iii) _____ used as a relaxation oscillator.
(A) MOSFET
(B) SCR
(C) BJT
(D) UJT
(1 marks)
4 (a) (iv) The intrinsic standoff ratio of UJT _____
(A) eqaul to one
(B) must be less than unity
(C) must be greater than unity
(D) must be zero
(1 marks)
4 (b) Explain the working of two transistor model of an SCR and obtain the expression for the anode current.(8 marks) 4 (c) Draw the equivalent circuit and VI-characteristics of UJT and explain it.(8 marks)

### Choose the correct answer for the following :-

5 (a) (i) Oscillaor uses ______ type of feedback.
(A) positive
(B) negative
(C) reverse
(D) both A and B
(1 marks)
5 (a) (ii) The frequency of osclillators in an oscillator is given by _____
[ (A) dfrac {1}{2pi LC}$$B) 2pi LC$$C) 2pisqrt{LC}$$D) dfrac {1}{2pi sqrt{LC}}$$
(1 marks)
5 (a) (iii) With negative feedback, the bandwidth of an amplifier _____
(A) decreases
(B) increases
(C) both A and B
(D) constant
(1 marks)
5 (a) (iv) ______ times maximum voltage gain.
(A) 0.707
(B) 7.07
(C) 10
(D) 17.06
(1 marks)
5 (b) Draw the frequency repsonse of an RC-coupled amplifier and explain it. Mention its advantages and disadvantages.(8 marks) 5 (c) Explain with the help of circuit diagram the working of an RC phase shift oscillator using transistor.(6 marks) 5 (d) In a transistor colpitts oscillator having tank circuit parameters as c<sib>1=0.001 ?F and c2=0.01 ?F if L=5?H, calculate the frequency of oscillations.</sib>(2 marks)

### Choose the corect answer for the following :-

6 (a) (i) The gain of the voltage follower is ______
(A) zero
(B) infinity
(C) neagative
(D) unity
(1 marks)
6 (a) (ii) Ideally open loop gain of op-amp is _____
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) ?
(D) positive
(1 marks)
6 (a) (iii) The CMRR is given by _____
(D) none of these
(1 marks)
6 (a) (iv) Maximum rate of charge of output voltage with time is called _____
(A) CMRR
(B) Slew rate
(C) over rate
(D) none of these
(1 marks)
6 (b) List the characteristics of an ideal-op-amp and draw the three input inverting summer circuit using an op-amp and derive an expression for output voltage.(8 marks) 6 (c) Draw the basic block diagram of a cathode ray tube and explain its working.(8 marks)

### Choose the correct answer for the following :-

7 (a) (i) Two's compliant of (1001)2 is _____
(A) 1001
(B) 0010
(C) 0111
(D) 1010
(1 marks)
7 (a) (ii) To represent 35 in binary, number of bits required is _____
(A) 6
(B) 5
(C) 4
(D) 33
(1 marks)
7 (a) (iii) Decimal number 37 is represented in BCD by _____
(A) 100111
(B) 00111011
(C) 00110111
(D) 111100
(1 marks)
7 (a) (iv) Over modulation exists when modulation index is _____
(A) 1
(B) 0
(C) >1
(D) <1
(1 marks)
7 (b) Explain the need for modulation.(6 marks) 7 (c) Convert (A3B)16=( )10 and (247.75)10= ( )2.(4 marks) 7 (d) (i) Perform (FC02A)16-(D052)16 using 16's complement.
(ii) Subtract (4317.46)8 from (42.345)8 using 8's complement.
(6 marks)

### Choose the correct answer for the following :-

8 (a) (i) The expression for half adder carry with input A and B given by _____
(A) A+B
(B) AB
(C) A B
(D) none of these
(1 marks)
8 (a) (ii) The complement of A+B+1 is _____
(A) 0
(B) A+1
(C) AB+1
(D) 1
(1 marks)
8 (a) (iii) ABCD+ABD is equal to _____
(A) ABC
(B) ABC
(C) ABD
(D) ABD
(1 marks)
8 (a) (iv) A+(B+C)=(A+B)+C is _____ law.
(A) associative
(B) commutative
(C) distributive
(D) none of these
(1 marks)
8 (b) Design a full adder circuit and realize, using two half adders.(8 marks) 8 (c) Simplify the following expression and implement using only NAND gates :
[ (i) Y=ABC+Aar{B}C+ABar{C}+ar{A}BC$$ii) Y=overline{overline{AB}+overline {AC}}$$iii) Y=A+ar{A}B ]
(8 marks)