Computer Organization - Jun 2012
Computer Science Engg. (Semester 4)
TOTAL MARKS: 100
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS (1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any four from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks. 1 (a) What is performance measurement? Explain the overall SPEC rating for the computer in a program suite.(4 marks) 1 (b) List and explain the technological features and devices improvement made during different generations of computers.(8 marks) 1 (c) Mention four types of operations to be performed by instruction in a computer. Explain with basic types of instruction formats to carry out C ?[A]+[B].(8 marks) 2 (a) Define an addressing mode. Explain the following addressing modes, with examples: immediate, indirect, index, relative and auto increment.(8 marks) 2 (b) What is a stack frame? Explain a commonly used layout for information in a subroutine stack frame.(4 marks) 2 (c) Explain shift and rotate operations, with example.(8 marks) 3 (a) In a situation where multiple devices capable of initiating interrupts are connected to processor, explain the implementation of interrupt priority, using individual INTER and INTA and a common INTR line to all devices.(10 marks) 3 (b) Define the terms 'cycle stealing' and 'block mode'.(2 marks) 3 (c) What is bus arbitration? Explain the different approaches to bus arbitration.(8 marks) 4 (a) Explain with a neat block diagram, the hardware components needed for connecting a keyboard to a processor.(8 marks) 4 (b) Briefly discuss the main phase involved in the operations of SCSI bus.(6 marks) 4 (c) Explain the tree structures of USB with split bus operation.(6 marks) 5 (a) Explain the internal organization of a 16 megabit DRAM chip, configured as 2M×8 cells.(8 marks) 5 (b) With a block diagram, explain the direct and set associative mapping between cache and main memory.(6 marks) 5 (c) Describe the principles of magnetic disk.(6 marks) 6 (a) Explain with figure the design-and working of a 16-bit carry - look - ahead adder built form 4-bit adders.(6 marks) 6 (b) Explain Booth algorithm. Apply Booth algorithm to multiply the signed numbers +13 and -6.(10 marks) 6 (c) Differentiate between restoring and non-restoring division.(4 marks) 7 (a) List out the actions needed to execute the instruction add(R3), R1. Write and explain sequence of control steps for the execution of the same.(10 marks) 7 (b) With a neat block diagram, explain hardwired control unit. Show the generation Zin and End control signals.(10 marks) 8 (a) State Amdahl's law. Suppose a program runs in 100 sec on a computer with multiply operation responsible for 80 sec of this time, how much it requires to improve the speed of multiplication, if the program has to run 5 times faster? Justify your answer.(6 marks) 8 (b) Explain the classic organization of a shared-memory multiprocessor.(6 marks) 8 (c) What is hardware multithreading? Explain the different approaches to hardware multithreading.(8 marks)