Question Paper: Digital Signal Processing : Question Paper Dec 2013 - Electronics & Communication (Semester 5) | Visveswaraya Technological University (VTU)
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Digital Signal Processing - Dec 2013

Electronics & Communication (Semester 5)

TOTAL MARKS: 100
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS
(1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any four from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.
1 (a) What is zero padding? What are its uses?(3 marks) 1 (b) Find the DFT of a sequence x(n)={1,1,0,0} and the IDFT of y(k)={1,0,1,0}.(6 marks) 1 (c) Find the DFT of a sequence \begin {align*}x(n)&=1 & for \ n \le n \le 1 \\ &=0 & Otherwise \ \ \ \ \ \ \end{align*} $$for \ N=4 \ plot \ |x(k)| \ and \ \lfloor x(k)$$(8 marks) 2 (a) State and prove time shifting property of DFT.(5 marks) 2 (b) Find the output y(n) of a filter whose impulse response is h(n)={1,1,1} and the input signal x(n)= {3, -1, 0, 1, 3, 2, 0, 1, 2, 1} using overlap save method.(8 marks) 2 (c) Obtain the 8-point circular of the following sequences:
x1(n)={2,3,6,8,2,1,7,5}
x2(n)={0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0}.
(7 marks)
3 (a) Find the DFT of a sequence x(n)={1,2,3,4,4,3,2,1} using DIT-FFT algorithm.(10 marks) 3 (b) Compute the IDFT of the sequence
x(k)={7, 0.707 - j0.707, -j, 0.707 - j0.707, 1, 0.707 + j0, 707, j, -0.707 + j0.707} using DIF-FFT algorithm.
(10 marks)
4 (a) Discuss Chirp Z-transformation algorithm.(6 marks) 4 (b) Explain the following properties of twiddle factor WN.
i) Symmetric property
ii) Periodicity property
(4 marks)
4 (c) Find x(k) for the input sequence x(n)=n+1 and N=8 using DIF-FFT algorithm.(10 marks) 5 (a) Design an analog Chebyshev filter for which the squared magnitude response |Ha(jΩ)|2| satisfies the condition $$20 \log_{10} |H_a (j\Omega)|_{\Omega=0.2 n} \ge -1; \ \ 20\log_{10} |H_a (j\Omega)|_{\Omega=0.3 n} \le -15$$(8 marks) 5 (b) Distinguish between Butterworth and Chebyshev filters.(4 marks) 5 (c) $$Let \ H(s) = \dfrac {1}{s^2 + \sqrt{2s+1}}$$ represent the transfer function of a lowpass filter with a passband of 1 rad/sec. Use frequency transformation to find the transfer functions the following analog filters:
i) A lowpass filter with passband of 10 rad/sec.
ii) A highpass filter with cut off frequency of 10 rad/sec.
(8 marks)
6 (a) What is a rectangular window function? Obtain its frequency domain characteristics.(5 marks) 6 (b) Design FIR low pass filter using Hamming window (M=7) and also obtain frequency response for \begin {align*} H_d (e^{j\omega })&=e^{-3\omega }& 3\pi 4 < \omega < 3\pi /4 \\ &=0; & 3\pi/4 < |\omega| \le \pi \ \ \end{align*}(12 marks) 6 (c) Explain Gibb's phenomenon.(3 marks) 7 (a) What is bilinear transformation? Obtain the transformation formula for bilinear transformation.(10 marks) 7 (b) Convert the following transfer function. $$H(s)=\dfrac {s+a}{(s+a)^2 + b^2}$$ into a digital filter with infinite impulse response by the use of impulse invariance mapping technique.(10 marks) 8 (a) i) Obtain the cascade realization of the system function
H(z)=(1+2z-1-z-2)(1+z-1-z-2).

ii) Determine the direct from realization of the system function
H(z)=1+2z-1-3z-2-4z-3+5z-4
(6 marks)
8 (b) Find the impulse response of an FIR lattice filter with coefficient k1=0.65, k2=0.34, k3=0.8.(9 marks) 8 (c) Obtain the direct form-I and direct form-II structure for the filters given by system function $$H(z) = \dfrac {1+0.4z^{-1}}{1-0.5z^{-1}+0.06z^{-2}}$$(5 marks)