Question Paper: Fluid Mechanics : Question Paper May 2014 - Mechanical Engineering (Semester 3) | Pune University (PU)
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## Fluid Mechanics - May 2014

### Mechanical Engineering (Semester 3)

TOTAL MARKS: 100
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS
(1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any four from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.

### Answer any one question from Q1 and Q2

1 (a) What is viscosity? State and explain Newtons Law of viscosity.(6 marks) 1 (b) Discuss various type of flows with examples.(6 marks) 2 (a) A circular plate of diameter 1.2 m placed vertically in water in such a way that the centre of the plate is 2.5 m below the free surface of water. i) determine total pressure on the plate ii) position of centre of pressure.(6 marks) 2 (b) Explain i) surface tension ii) Vapour pressure iii) compressibility(6 marks)

### Answer any one question from Q3 and Q4

3 (a) Derive an expression for velocity profile for laminar flow through pipe.(6 marks) 3 (b) A liquid of viscosity of 24.5 poise is flowing between two horizontal plates 100 mm apart with a maximum velocity of 1.5 m/s. Calculate
i) The discharge per meter width
ii) shear stress at the plates
iii) The difference in pressure between two plates.
(6 marks)
4 (a) A 200 mm x 100 mm venturimeter is provided in a vertical pipe carrying water flowing in a upward direction. A differential mercury manometer connected to the inlet and throat gives a reading of 220 mm. Find the rate of flow.(6 marks) 4 (b) Derive an expression for continuity equation for 3-D flow.(6 marks)

### Answer any one question from Q5 and Q6

5 (a) Derive an expression for Darcy-Weisbach equation.(6 marks) 5 (b) Using Buckingham's ?- theorem, show that the velocity through a circular orifice is given by $$V = \sqrt{2gH}\phi \left [\dfrac {D}{H}, \dfrac {\mu}{\rho VH} \right ]$$ All terms carry usual meaning.(7 marks) 6 (a) Explain i) Mach Number ii) Froude Number iii) Euler Number(6 marks) 6 (b) A 2500m long pipeline is used for transmission of power. 120kW power is to be transmitted through the pipe in which water having a pressure of 4000kN/m2 at inlet is flowing. If the pressure drop over the length of pipe is 800 kN/m2 and f=0.006. Find
i) Diameter of the pipe
ii) Efficiency of transmission.
(7 marks)

### Answer any one question from Q7 and Q8

7 (a) If velocity distribution in laminar boundary layer over a flat plate is assumed to be given by equation u = a + by +cy2, determine its form using the necessary boundary conditions.(6 marks) 7 (b) Assuming the cross-selection area of a car to be 2.7 m2 with a drag coefficient of 0.6 estimate the energy requirement at a speed of 60 km/h. Assuming the weight of a car to be 30 kN and coefficient of friction 0.012. Assume density to be 1.208 kg/m3.(7 marks) 8 (a) Draw profile of symmetrical and unsymmetrical aerofoil and define following terms of an aerofoil i) Chord line ii) Angle of attack iii) stall iv) Camber(6 marks) 8 (b) Write a short note on 'Seperation of Boundary Layer its Control'.(7 marks)