Question: Assembly line balancing.

Mumbai University > Mechanical Engineering > SEM 8 > Industrial Engineering and Management

Marks: 5M

modified 18 months ago  • written 18 months ago by gravatar for Juilee Juilee2.3k

Production leveling also known as production smoothing or- by its Japanese original term- Heijunka is a technique for reducing the mura which in turn reduces muda. On a production line, as in any process fluctuation in performance increase waste.

  • This is because equipment, workers, inventory and all other elements required for production must always be prepared for peak production.
  • In the situation where demand is constant , production leveling is easy, but where customer demand fluctuates, two approacheshave been adopted: 1) demand leveling 2) production leveling through flexible production
  • Industries that utilize the assembly line to obtain their products currentlygo through great challenges. The first is the need to assemble a large number of product models and their variants in their lines, due to the varirty required by the market.
  • Another challenge is the need to maintain an adequate level of manpower occupation and other utilized resoures.
  • Ever since henry fords introducion of assembly lines, LB has been an optimazation problem of significant industrail importance: the efficiency difference between an optimal and a sub optimal assignment can wild economics reaching milllions of dollars per year
written 18 months ago by gravatar for Juilee Juilee2.3k
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