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Short note on Terminating and Non-Terminating simulations.

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Need for Output Analysis in Simulation

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There are two types of simulations with respect to output analysis:

  1. Terminating Simulation

  2. Non-Terminating Simulation

A terminating simulation is one that runs for some duration of time TE where E is specified event that stops the simulation.

Terminating simulation:

  • Runs for some duration of time $T_E$, where E is a specified event that stops the simulation.

  • Starts at time 0 under well-specified initial conditions.

  • Ends at the stopping time $T_E$.

  • Bank example: Opens at 8:30 am (time 0) with no customers present and 8 of the 11 teller working (initial conditions), and closes at 4:30 pm (Time $T_E$ = 480 minutes).

  • The simulation analyst chooses to consider it a terminating system because the object of interest is one day’s operation.

A non terminating simulation is one that executes continuously.

Non-terminating simulation:

  • Runs continuously, or at least over a very long period of time.

  • Examples: assembly lines that shut down infrequently, telephone systems, hospital emergency rooms.

  • Study the steady-state (long-run) properties of the system, properties that are not influenced by the initial conditions of the model.

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