Unit 1 : Introduction to Civil Engineering
a) Basic Areas in Civil Engineering Surveying, Construction Engineering, Fluid Mechanics, Transportation Engineering, Irrigation Engineering, Project Management, Structural Engineering, Planning, Earthquake Engineering, Infrastructure Development.
b) Role of Civil Engineer in the construction of buildings, dams, expressways and infrastructure projects for 21st Century. Importance of an interdisciplinary approach in engineering.
Unit 2 : Materials and Construction
a) Basic Materials for construction - cement, bricks, stone , natural and artificial sand, Reinforcing Steel - Mild, Tor and High Tensile Steel. Concrete types - PCC, RCC Prestressed and Precast. Recycling of materials.
b) Substructure - Definition and functions of Foundation ( Only concepts of settlement and Bearing capacity of soils). Types of shallow foundations, Deep foundation ( Only concept of friction and end bearing pile)
c) Superstructure - Types of loads : - DL and LL , wind loads, earthquake considerations. Types of Construction - Load Bearing, Framed, Composite, Fundamental requirements of masonary.
d) Introduction to automation in construction - Concept , need, examples related to different civil engineering projects.
Unit 3 : Uses of maps and field surveys a) Principles of survey, introduction to scale, types of maps and their uses. Modern survey methods using levels, Theodolite, EDM, lasers, total station and GPS, Measuring areas fro maps using digital planimeter.
b) Simple and differential levelling for setting out various benchmarks, determining the elevations of different points and preparation of contour maps. Introduction to GIS Software and its application areas
Unit 4 : Ecology and Eco Systems
a) Concept of environment - biotic and abiotic factors, Impact of the human behaviour and technological advancements on the environment. Need for conserving natural resources and preserving the environment. Engineer's role in achieving sustainable development, Environmental Impact Assessment (only concept)
b) Introduction to solid waste management, electronic wastes and its disposal.
Unit 5 : Planning for the Built Environment
a) Concept of an integrated built environment - natural and manmade, Principles of planning viz. Aspect, Prospect, Roominess, Grouping, Privacy, Circulation, Sanitation, Orientation, Economy.
b) Use of various eco-friendly materials in construction. Concept of green buildings.
c) Role of by-laws in regulating the environent, Concept of built up area, plinth area, Plot area, FSI
Unit 6 : Energy and Environmental Pollution
a)Types of energy : - conventional and non-conventional. Need for harnessing alternative energies to meet the increased demand. Methods of harnessing energies.
b) Sources, causes, effects and remedial measures associated with :
1. Air Pollution 2. Water Pollution 3. Noise Pollution 4. Land Pollution