Unit 1: Water Technology and Green Chemistry
Water technology: Impurities in water, Hardness of water and its determination by EDTA method, Alkalinity of water and its determination, Numericals, Ill effects of hard water in boilers, Bolier feed water treatment 1) Internal treatment - calgon, colloidal and phosphate conditioning 2) External treatment - a) Zeolite process and its numericals b) Ion excahnge method. Desalination of brackish water/ Purification of water by Reverse osmosis and Electrodialysis.
Green Chemistry: Definition, goals of green chemistry, effeciency parametrs, need of Green Chemistry, Major uses - traditional and green pathways of synthesis of adipic acid, polucarbonate, indigo dye.
Unit 2: Electro analytical techniques
Introduction, Typs of reference electrode (calomel electrode), indicator electrode (glass electrode), ion selective electrode, Half cell reaction and complete cell rection.
Conductometry: Introduction, Kohlrausch's law, conductivity cell, measurement of conductance, Applications - Conductometric titrations, acid-base titrations, precipitation titrations.
pH-metry : Preparation of Buffers, standarization of pH meter, mixture of acid versus strong base titration, differentail plots.
Potentiometry: Introduction, Potentiometric titrations,- differential plots , Applications - redox titrations - Fe/Ce titration.
UV/Visible spectroscopy: Interaction of radiation with matter, Beer lambert's law, chromophore and auxochrome, types of electronic transitions, instrumentation and principle - block diagram of single and double beam spectrophotometer, Applications of uv-visible spectroscopy.
Unit 3: Synthetic Organic Polymers
Introduction, functionality of monomer, polymerization, free radical mechjanism and step growth polymerization, Concept and significance of - Average molecular weight, crystanalinity in polymers, Tm and Tg. Thermoplastic and Thermosetting polymers. Compounding of plastics. Techniques of polymerization, Preparatio, properties and engineering applications of: polythene (LDPE &HDPE) and Epoxy resin. Elastomers- natural rubbers - processing and vulcanization by sulphur. Synthetic rubbers - SBR
Speciality polymers: Enginnering thermoplastics - Polycarbonate, Biodegradable polymers - Poly (hydroxybutarate - hydroxyvalanate), Conducting polymers - Polyacetylene, Electroluminscent polymers - Polyphenylenevinylene, Liquid crystalline polymers - Kevlar, Polymer composites - Fibre reinforced plastic (FRP).
Unit 4: Fuels and combustion
Fossil Fuels, Definition, Calorific values, Determination - Bomb calorimeter, Boy's gas calorimeter, Numericals, Solid Fuels - Coal - Proximate and ultimate analysis, Numericals, Liquid fuels - Petroleum - Composition and refining. Octane number of petrol, Cetane number of Diesel, Power alcohol, Biodeisel, Gaseous fuel - Composition, properties and applications of NG, CNG, LPG. Combustion - Chemical reactions, calculations for air required. Numericals. Fuel cells - Definition, Advantages and limitations, phosphoric acid fuel cell, polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell.
Unit 5: Chemistry of Hydrogen and Carbon
Chemistry of Hydrogen : The element- isotopes-importance. Methods of preparation - 1) laboratory - from aqueous acid and alkali. 2) Industrial- steam reforming of methane and coke, electrolysis of water. 3) From solar energy (water splitting). Storage chemical (Sodium alanates), physical (carbon materials), difficulties in storage and transportation. Compounds of hydrogen , methods of preparation and application - a) Molecular hydrides - hydrocarbons, silanes, germane, ammonia b) Saline hydrides - LiH, NaH, Applications of Hydrogen , Hydrogen as future fuel.
Chemistry of Carbon: Position in the periodic table, occurence , isotopes, Allotropes ( crystalline and amorphous) - occurrence , structure based on bonding and applications in detail.
Unit 6 : Corrosion Science
Introduction, Types of corrosion - Dry Corossion, Piling-bed worth rule. Wet corrosion - mechanism. Factors infleuncing corrosion - Nature of the metal, Nature of the environment, Methods of Corossion control : Pourbaix diagram, Cathodic and anodic protection, Use of inhibitors, Protective coatings : surface preparation a) Metallic coatings : Types of coatings , methods of applications (hot dipping, cladding, electroplating and cementation) , Electro less coatings , b) Non- metallic coatings : chemical conversion coatings, powder coatings.