Question: Elements of Electrical Engineering : Jun 2015 - First Year Engineering (Semester 1) | Gujarat Technological University (GTU)
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## Elements of Electrical Engineering - Jun 2015

### First Year Engineering (Semester 1)

TOTAL MARKS: 100
TOTAL TIME: 3 HOURS
(1) Question 1 is compulsory.
(2) Attempt any four from the remaining questions.
(3) Assume data wherever required.
(4) Figures to the right indicate full marks.

### Objective Question ? select only one option out of four (MCQ)

1 (a) 1 The material used for fuse should have
[a] low melting point & high conductivity [b] low melting point & low conductivity [c] high melting point & high conductivity [d] high melting point & low conductivity
(1 marks)
1 (a) 2 Earthing is necessary to
[a] avoid risk of fire due to earth leakage [b] avoid electric shock to human body [c] both [a] & [b] [d] either [a] or [b]
(1 marks)
1 (a) 3 MCB provides protection against
[a] short ckt. [b] overload [c] earth fault [d] all of the above
(1 marks)
1 (a) 4 The choke in tube light wiring provides
[a] high current [b] high resistance [c] high impulse voltage [d] low reactance
(1 marks)
1 (a) 5 Which type of capacitor is used generally in fan?
[a] ceramic [b] Electrolytic [c] mica [d] none of above
(1 marks)
1 (a) 6 The meter used at our premises measure
[a] voltage [b] current [c] power [d] energy
(1 marks)
1 (a) 7 The frequency of DC supply is
[a] 50 Hz [b] 1 Hz [c] 0 Hz [d] none of above
(1 marks)

1 (b) 1 Measuring range of ammeter can be extended by using
(a) high value of series resistance (b) low value of shunt resistance
(c)low value of series resistance (d) high value of shunt resistance
(1 marks)
1 (b) 2 Full name of MCB is
(a) Miniature circuit breaker
(b)Minimum circuit breaker
(c)Maximum circuit breaker
(d)None of the above
(1 marks)
1 (b) 3 Voltmeter always connected is _________ in a circuit.
(a) Parallel
(b)series
(c)Both (a) & (b)
(d)None of the above
(1 marks)
1 (b) 4 Unit of magneto motive force (mmf) is
(a) Weber (b) AT
(c)Voltage
(d)Tesla
(1 marks)
1 (b) 5 Average value of a.c. voltage = _________× Vm
(a) 1.414
(b)0.707
(c)0.637
(d)1.5
(1 marks)
1 (b) 6 Unit of potential difference is
(a) volt-amp
(b)watt
(c)ampere
(d)voltage
(1 marks)
1 (b) 7 Value of form factor(Kf) is
(a) 0.707
(b)1.414
(c)0.637 (d) 1.11
(1 marks)

### Objective Question ? select only one option out of four (MCQ)

1 (c) 1 The unit of conductivity is
[a] Siemens / m [b] Siemens-m [c] mho [d] mho-m
(1 marks)
1 (c) 2 If relative permittivity is 5 , then its absolute permittivity is
[a] 5 / €0 [b] 5 €0 [c] €0 / 5 [d] 8.854 × 10 -12
(1 marks)
1 (c) 3 The unit of permanence is
[a] AT / Wb [b] Wb / AT [c] Henry [d] either [b] or [c]
(1 marks)
1 (c) 4 Q-factor of a coil means
[a] Higher voltage magnification [b] Higher selectivity of the tuning coil [c] either [a] or [b] [d] both [a] and [b]
(1 marks)
1 (c) 5 For a series resonance condition of a AC circuit current is
[a] minimum [b] maximum [c] zero [d] infinity
(1 marks)
1 (c) 6 For zero power factor load of 3-phase ckt.,if we measure the power by 2- wattmeter method then readings of wattmeters are
[a] one wattmeter shows zero reading [b] equal & +ve sign [c] equal & opposite sign [d] both shows zero reading
(1 marks)
1 (c) 7 The gas used in sodium vapour lamp is
[a] argon [b] nitrogen [c] neon [d] methane
(1 marks)
2 (a) State and explain Kirchoff's voltage and current laws.(3 marks) 2 (b) Analyze Series and parallel circuit having resistors only as elements and state the results..(4 marks) 2 (c) Derive the equations to translate a passive electric circuits from star network to delta network configuration with diagram.(7 marks) 3 (a) State and explain Coulomb's law of Electrostatics.(3 marks) 3 (b) A capacitor of 0.1 ?F is charged from a 100 V battery through a series resistance of 1000Ω. Find
 Time constant  Charge received during this time  Initial rate of charging  the rate of charging when the charge is 63.2 % of final charge.
(4 marks)
3 (c) Analyze the series and parallel connection of capacitor and prove the equations. Also find out the equation for energy stored in capacitor.(7 marks) 4 (a) State and explain Faraday's laws of electromagnetic Induction.(3 marks) 4 (b) If a coil of 150 turns is linked with a flux of 0.01 Wb , when carrying a current of 10 A. Calculate
 the inductance of the coil  the induced E.M.F. , if this current is uniformly reversed in 0.01 second
(4 marks)
4 (c) Analyze magnetic and electric circuits by similarities and differences(7 marks) 5 (a) Define the following for AC circuits:
 R.M.S. value  Average value  Power factor
(3 marks)
5 (b) A resistance of 20Ω, an inductance of 0.2 H and a capacitance of 100 μF are connected in series across 220 V,50 Hz supply. Find
 Impedance  Voltage across R,L & C  Power factor & angle of lag  Active & apparent power
(4 marks)
5 (c) Prove the condition of resonance for R-L-C series AC circuit. Also analyze the phenomena with the help of graph.(7 marks) 6 (a) Explain in brief the following for 3-phase AC circuit :
 Phase sequence  Line voltage  Phase voltage
(3 marks)
6 (b) A Δ-connected balanced 3-phase load is supplied from 400 V , 3-phase mains. The line current is 20 A & the power taken by load is 10 MW. Find
 Impedance in each branch  Power factor of the load  Line current & power consumed, if same load is connected in star.
(4 marks)
6 (c) Prove the equation for measurement of Electrical power in 3-phase circuit by two wattmeter method. Also draw phasor diagram.(7 marks) 7 (a) Explain in brief the following.
 A-h & W-h capacity of a battery  Rating of MCB  Lumen
(3 marks)
7 (b) Discuss the types of cables used for residential and commercial wiring.(4 marks) 7 (c) What do you mean by earthing ? Analyze earthing concept with the help of a device-ELCB ( Earth leakage circuit breaker ) used at our residence.(7 marks)

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