The leadership is different from management. This role requires management and leadership skills where the emphasize lies on managing the project data and leading the project team members. Management focus on policies and procedures that bring order and predictability to complex situations. Management is defined as planning, controlling, staffing, evaluating & monitoring.
Leadership is a function of environment. There are 5 practices of exemplary leadership:
1. Model the Way
Leaders establish principles concerning the way people (constituents, peers, colleagues, and customers alike) should be treated and the way goals should be pursued. They create standards of excellence and then set an example for others to follow. Because the prospect of complex change can overwhelm people and stifle action, they set interim goals so that people can achieve small wins as they work toward larger objectives. They unravel bureaucracy when it impedes action; they put up signposts when people are unsure of where to go or how to get there; and they create opportunities for victory.
2. Inspire a Shared Vision
Leaders passionately believe that they can make a difference. They envision the future, creating an ideal and unique image of what the organization can become. Through their magnetism and quiet persuasion, leaders enlist others in their dreams. They breathe life into their visions and get people to see exciting possibilities for the future.
3. Challenge the Process
Leaders search for opportunities to change the status quo. They look for innovative ways to improve the organization. In doing so, they experiment and take risks. And because leaders know that risk taking involves mistakes and failures, they accept the inevitable disappointments as learning opportunities.
4. Enable Others to Act
Leaders foster collaboration and build spirited teams. They actively involve others. Leaders understand that mutual respect is what sustains extraordinary efforts; they strive to create an atmosphere of trust and human dignity. They strengthen others, making each person feel capable and powerful.
5. Encourage the Heart
Accomplishing extraordinary things in organizations is hard work. To keep hope and determination alive, leaders recognize contributions that individuals make. In every winning team, the members need to share in the rewards of their efforts, so leaders celebrate accomplishments. They make people feel like heroes.
1. The Coercive style
The leader takes charge and invites no contrary opinions. This style had the most detrimental impact on climate in this study. The correlation between coercive leadership and climate was -.26, i.e., as coercion increased, quality of climate declined. But don’t rule out your coercive candidate. This is the leadership style of choice when a company is in crisis. If your organization is in serious trouble, you may want to hire this person.
- The Authoritative style
This leader has a powerful ability to articulate a mission and win people to it with enthusiasm. He makes a clear path for followers, cutting away the confusion that exists in most organizations. Followers do not work at cross purposes because a commitment to a common vision is created. This leadership style had a +.54 correlation with climate, the highest correlation of any leadership style.
2. The Affinitive style
This leader is a master at establishing positive relationships. Because the followers really like their leader, they are loyal, share information, and have high trust, all of which helps climate. The Affinitive leader gives frequent positive feedback, helping to keep everyone on course. The correlation of this leadership style with climate is +.46
3. The Democratic style
This leader focuses on decision making by winning consensus. With consensus comes intense commitment to goals, strategies and tactics. Trust is a major feature of this leadership style as well. The correlation with climate is a healthy +.43.
4. The Pacesetting style
This leader sets high performance standards for everyone, including himself. He walks the talk. This sounds admirable and has been widely believed to be effective. The data, however, indicate otherwise, with a -.25 correlation with climate.
5. The Coaching style
This leader develops people. He is able to recognize talent and how best to develop it. He offers developmental plans, including challenging assignments that push people to cultivate new skills. This leader can see the future and bring out the best in followers. This style has a +.42 correlation with climate.
Ethics in Project
Ethics can be defined as a set of moral principles and values. Ethical dilemmas arise when personal values come in conflict. Ethics are defined as the moral values, beliefs, and rules that one upholds in their life on the job and personally to ensure right from wrong. There are a number of different components of managing a project. While conducting project management, profit and staff motivation are often paramount. However, a project manager must also remember his obligation to be an ethical, responsible employer, employee and corporate citizen. Some of the ethical situations that one may face in the duration of project management could be the admission of wrongdoing, focus of blame, and hard choices regarding contracts.
Common Ethical Dilemmas
Human resource situations
Conflicts of interest
Making Sound Ethical Decisions
Gather of facts
Define ethical issue
Identify affected stakeholders
Consider your character and integrity
Think creatively about potential actions
Check your gut
The Role of Ethics in Project Management
Recognize key concepts related to business ethics
Identify examples of ethical dilemmas in project management
Recognize the benefits of managing ethics in your project
Identify the aims of the PMI code of ethics and professional conduct
Recognize key issues in the development of a code of ethics for project management
Match examples to the types of inappropriate behavior they represent
Identify the true statements about the PMI process to review ethics complaints
Identify the aims of the PMI ethics complaints review process