A Strain Gauge with gauge factor of 2 is fastened to a metallic member subjected to a stress of

1000 kg/$cm^2$. The modulus of elasticity of the metal is 2 × ${10}^6$ kg/c$m^3$. Calculate the percentage change in the resistance of the strain gauge. What is the value of Poisson’s ratio?


Gauge Factor $G_f$=2

Stress =1000 kg/$(cm)^2 $

Modulus of elasticity=ε=2×$(10)^6$ kg/$(cm)^3$

Formulae –

Modulus of elasticity=ε=$\frac{Stress}{Strain}$

Change in Resistance=$∆R=G_f$×Strain

Poisson's ratio=$μ=(G_f-1)/2$

Solution –

Before we calculate the change in resistance, we have to deduce the value of strain. Strain is given by the ratio of stress and modulus of elasticity,


   =$\frac{1000}{(2×10^6 )}$


   Strain=500 μm⁄m

Now, change in resistance is given by,


   =2×500 μ

   ∆R=1 ×$(10)^{(-3)}$

Change in resistance in percentage,

Therefore, change in resistance is 0.1%.

Further, Poisson’s ratio is given by,




With this value, it is evident that the metal has a Poisson’s ratio in the upper limit which is 0.5. Generally, Poisson’s ratio always falls between 0 and 0.5. For gold, it is between 0.42 and 0.44; for copper, it is 0.33; and for steel, it is between 0.27 and 0.30.

For the given figures, the change in resistance is 0.1% and the Poisson’s ratio is 0.5 or $\frac{1}2$.

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