Module 1 Introduction
1.1 Branches of geology useful to civil engineering, Importance of geological
studies in various civil engineering Projects.
1.2 Internal structure of the Earth and use of seismic waves in understanding the
interior of the earth, Theory of Plate Tectonics.
1.3 Agents modifying the earth's surface, study of weathering and its significance
in engineering properties of rocks like strength, water tightness and durability
1.4 Brief study of geological action of river, wind, glacier, ground water and the
related land forms created by them.
1.5 Building stones- Requirements of good building stones and its geological
factors, controlling properties, consideration of common rocks as building
stones, study of different building stones from various formations of Indian
Module 2 Mineralogy and Petrology
2.1 Identification of minerals with the help of physical properties, rock forming
minerals, megascopic identification of primary and secondary minerals, study
of common ore minerals.
2.2 Igneous Petrology - Mode of formation, Texture and structure,
Classifications, study of commonly occurring igneous rocks and their
2.3 Sedimentary Petrology - Mode of formation, Textures, characteristics of
shallow water deposits like lamination, bedding, current bedding etc.,
residual deposits, chemically and organically formed deposits, classification,
study of commonly occurring sedimentary rocks and their engineering
2.4 Metamorphic Petrology - Mode of formation, agents and types of
metamorphism, metamorphic minerals, rock cleavage, structures and textures
of metamorphic rocks, classification and study of commonly occurring
metamorphic rocks and their engineering application.
Module 3 Structural Geology, Stratigraphy and Indian Geology
3.1 Structural elements of rocks, dip, strike, outcrop patterns, outliers and inliers,
study of joints, unconformities and their engineering consideration. Faults
and folds, their classification and importance in engineering operations.
3.2 Determination of thickness of the strata with the help of given data.
3.3 General principles of Stratigraphy, geological time scale, Physiographic
divisions of India and their characteristics. Stratigraphy of Deccan Volcanic
Module 4 Geological Investigation, study of dam and reservoir site
4.1 Preliminary Geological Investigation and their importance to achieve safety
and economy of the projects like dams and tunnels, methods of surface and
subsurface investigations, Excavations-Trial pit, trenches etc.
4.2 Core Drilling - Geological logging, Inclined Drill holes. Electrical Resistivity
method, Seismic method and their applications
4.3 Strengths, stability, water tightness of the foundation rocks and its physical
characters against geological structures at dam sites, favourable and
unfavourable geological conditions for locating dam sites.
4.4 Precautions over the unfavourable geological structures like faults,dykes,
joints, unfavourable dips on dam sites and giving treatments, structural and
Module 5 Tunnel Investigation and Ground Water Control
5.1 Importance of geological considerations while choosing tunnel sites and
alignments of the tunnel, safe and unsafe geological and structural
conditions, Difficulties during tunneling and methods to overcome the
difficulties. Methods of tunneling in soft soil
5.2 Sources, zones, water table, unconfined and Perched water tables. Factors
controlling water bearing capacity of rocks, Pervious and Impervious rocks,
Cone of depression and its use in Civil engineering. Artesian well (flowing
5.3 Springs seepage sites and geological structures. Different types of rocks as
source of ground water
5.4 Methods of artificial recharge of ground water, geology of percolation tank.
Module 6 Geological Disasters and Control Measures
6.1 Landslides - Types, causes and preventive measures for landslides,
Landslides in Deccan region
6.2 Volcano- Central type and fissure type, products of volcano and volcanic
6.3 Earthquake- Earthquake waves, construction and working of seismograph,
Earthquake zones of India, elastic rebound theory Preventive measures for
structures constructed in Earthquake prone areas