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## Applied Hydraulics

Students studying Civil Engineering will find this subject very useful. Hundreds of important topics on Applied Hydraulics are organized neatly into lessons below.

### Overview

#### Topics Covered

As per Choice Based Grading System

Module 01. Dynamics of Fluid Flow

Momentum principle (applications: pipe bends), moment of momentum equation (applications: sprinkler).

Module 02. Dimensional Analysis:

Dimensional homogeneity, Buckingham’s π theorem, Reyleigh’s method, dimensionless numbers and their ...

As per Choice Based Grading System

Module 01. Dynamics of Fluid Flow

Momentum principle (applications: pipe bends), moment of momentum equation (applications: sprinkler).

Module 02. Dimensional Analysis:

Dimensional homogeneity, Buckingham’s π theorem, Reyleigh’s method, dimensionless numbers and their significance, Model (or similarity) laws, application of model laws: Reynold’s model law, Froude’s model law, scale effect in models.

Module 03. Impact of Jets:

Introduction, force exerted on stationary flat plate: held normal to jet, held inclined to jet, curved plate: symmetrical and unsymmetrical (jet striking at centre tangentially), jet propulsion of ships.

Module 04. Hydraulic Turbines:

General layout of hydro-electric plant, heads, efficiencies of turbine, classification, working of Pelton Wheel Turbine, Reaction Turbine, Francis Turbine, Kaplan Turbine (excluding velocity triangle diagram) and draft tube theory, specific speed, unit quantities, Characteristic curves, Cavitation.

Module 05. Centrifugal pumps:

Work done, heads, efficiencies, Minimum speed: series parallel operation, Multistage pumps, specific speed, model testing, priming, characteristic curves, cavitation (Excluding velocity triangle). Brief introduction to reciprocating pump.

Module 06. Flow through open channels

6.1 Uniform Flow: Flow through open channel: Definition, types of channels, Types of flows in channels, Prismatic, non-prismatic channels, Uniform flow: steady flow and unsteady flow, laminar and turbulent flow, subcritical flow, supercritical flow, Chezy’s formula, Manning’s formula, hydraulically efficient channel cross-section (most economical section).

6.2 Non-Uniform Flow: Specific energy and specific energy curve, Dimensionless specific energy discharge curve, applications of specific energy and Momentum principle to open channel flow, specific force. Hydraulic jump and standing wave. Gradually varied flow, equation for gradually varied flow, back water curve and afflux, Introduction to surface profiles.