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What is common effluent treatment plant? Draw the flow diagram. State the merits and demerits of it.
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  • Effluent treatment plant is essential to purify the waste water which is come from different types of manufacturing industry like textile, tannery, dyes and chemical manufacturing industry, pharmaceuticals etc.

  • Different environment saving organizations are trying to protect the environment from the harmful effect of the effluent.

  • Different waste water has different characteristics which pollute the water.

  • Following is the basic structure of effluent treatment plant:

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Advantages:

  • Saving in capital and operating cost of treatment plant. The common treatment is always cheaper than small scattered treatment units.

  • Professional trained staff can be made available for operation of CETP which is not possible in case of individual plants.

  • The neutralization and equalization of heterogeneous waste makes its treatment techno-economically viable.

  • Disposal of treated waste water and sludge becomes more organized.

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