With the help of a neat functional block diagram explain the working of LT1070 monolithic switching regulator.

Subject: Liner Integrated Circuits

Topic: Special Purpose Integrated Circuits

Difficulty: Low

1 Answer

LT1070 Switching Regulator

The LT1070 is a current mode switcher. This means that switch duty cycle is directly controlled by switch current rather than by output voltage.


Referring to the Block Diagram, the switch is turned “on” at the start of each oscillator cycle. It is turned “off” when switch current reaches a predetermined level.

Control of output voltage is obtained by using the output of a voltage sensing error amplifier to set current trip level. This technique has several advantages.

  1. First, it has immediate response to input voltage variations, unlike ordinary switchers which have notoriously poor line transient response.
  2. Second, it reduces the 90° phase shift at midfrequencies in the energy storage inductor. This greatly simplifies closed-loop frequency compensation under widely varying input voltage or output load conditions.

Finally, it allows simple pulse-by-pulse current limiting to provide maximum switch protection under output overload or short-circuit conditions. A low dropout internal regulator provides a 2.3V supply for all internal circuitry of the LT1070. This low dropout design allows input voltage to vary from 3V to 60V with virtually no change in device performance. A 40kHz oscillator is the basic clock for all internal timing. It turns “on” the output switch via the logic and driver circuitry. Special adaptive antisat circuitry detects onset of saturation in the power switch and adjusts driver current instantaneously to limit switch saturation. This minimizes driver dissipation and provides very rapid turn-off of the switch.

A 1.2V bandgap reference biases the positive input of the error amplifier. The negative input is brought out for output voltage sensing. This feedback pin has a second function; when pulled low with an external resistor, it programs the LT1070 to disconnect the main error amplifier output and connects the output of the flyback amplifier to the comparator input.

The LT1070 will then regulate the value of the flyback pulse with respect to the supply voltage. This flyback pulse is directly proportional to output voltage in the traditional transformer coupled flyback topology regulator. By regulating the amplitude of the flyback pulse, the output voltage can be regulated with no direct connection between input and output. The output is fully floating up to the breakdown voltage of the transformer windings. Multiple floating outputs are easily obtained with additional windings.

A special delay network inside the LT1070 ignores the leakage inductance spike at the leading edge of the flyback pulse to improve output regulation. The error signal developed at the comparator input is brought out externally. This pin (VC) has four different functions. It is used for frequency compensation, current limit adjustment, soft starting and total regulator shutdown. During normal regulator operation this pin sits at a voltage between 0.9V (low output current) and 2.0V (high output current).

The error amplifiers are current output (gm) types, so this voltage can be externally clamped for adjusting current limit. Likewise, a capacitor coupled external clamp will provide soft start. Switch duty cycle goes to zero if the VC pin is pulled to ground through a diode, placing the LT1070 in an idle mode. Pulling the VC pin below 0.15V causes total regulator shutdown, with only 50mA supply current for shutdown circuitry biasing.

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