Pagination is the method of creating an arrangement of pages for breaking the long lists of element or articles.
Pagination is the process of dividing a document into discrete pages.
E.g. Amazon E-commerce website use pagination for displaying the catalogues, reviews of their products. It concentrate rather putting all information in one web page they make use of pagination to divide webpage into small pages.
Challenges of Pagination:
Pagination does not provide any topical relevance of website.
Redundancy or duplicate content is increased due to number of discrete pages.
Maintenance cost is high because of number of pages.
Pagination may provide spider traps due to which extra and poor quality pages inmore in number in search result.