Class C- Complementary Commutation
1 Answer

The Class C commutation circuit is shown in Fig.1. In this method, the main thyristor (SCR $T_1$) that is to be commutated is connected in series with the load. An additional thyristor (SCR $T_2$), called the complementary thyristor is connected in parallel with the main thyristor.

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Circuit Operation:

(a) Mode 0 [Initial-state of circuit] : Initially, both the thyristors are OFF.

Therefore, the states of the devices are,

$T_{1} \longrightarrow \mathrm{OFF}, T_{2} \longrightarrow \mathrm{OFF}, \quad \therefore \quad E_{\mathrm{c}_{1}}=0$

(b) Mode 1 : When a triggering pulse is applied to the gate of $T_{1},$ the thyristor $T_{1}$ is triggered. Therefore, two circuit current, namely, load current $I_{L}$ and charging current $I_{C}$ start flowing. Their paths are:

Load current $I_{L}$ ;


Charging current $I_{C}$;


Capacitor C will get charged by the supply votage $E_{\mathrm{dc}}$ with the polarity shown in Fig.1 . The states of circuit components becomes

$$T_{1} \longrightarrow \mathrm{ON}, \quad T_{2} \longrightarrow \mathrm{OFF}, \quad E_{\mathrm{c1}}=E_{\mathrm{dc}}$$

(c) Mode 2 : When a triggering pulse is applied to the gate of $T_{2}, T_{2}$ will be turned on. As soon as $T_{2}$ is ON, the negative polarity of the capacitor C is applied to the anode of $T_{1}$ and simultaneously, the positive polarity of capacitor C is applied to the cathode. This causes the reverse voltage across the main thyristor $T_{1}$ and immediately turns it off.

Charging of capacitor C now takes place through the load and its polarity becomes reverse. Therefore, charging path of capacitor C becomes,


Hence, at the end of Mode2 the states of the devices are

$$T_{1} \longrightarrow \mathrm{OFF}, \quad T_{2} \longrightarrow \mathrm{ON}, \quad E_{c1}=-E_{\mathrm{dc}}$$

(d) Mode 3: Now, when thyristor $T_{1}$ is triggered, the discharging current of capacitor turns the complementary thyristor $T_{2}$ OFF. The state of the circuit at the end of this Mode 3 becomes,

$T_{1} \longrightarrow \mathrm{ON}, \quad T_{2} \longrightarrow \mathrm{OFF}, \quad E_{\mathrm{c1}}=E_{\mathrm{dc}}$

Therefore, this Mode 3 operation is equivalent to Mode 1 operation.

The waveforms at the various points on the commutation circuit are shown in Fig.2. An example of this class of commutation is the well known McMurray-Bedford inverter . With the aid of certain accessories, this class is very useful at frequencies below about 1000 Hz. Sure and reliable . commutation is the other characteristic of this method.

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