Question: What are nano materials and nano composites.
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Subject: Material Technology

Topic: Introduction to New Materials

Difficulty: Medium

mt(63) • 187 views
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modified 11 months ago  • written 11 months ago by gravatar for Atharv Inamdar Atharv Inamdar650
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1. Nano materials:-

i. Nanomaterials are described as materials in which a single unit is sized (in at least one dimension) between 1 and 1000 nanometers (10−9 meter) but is usually 1—100 nm.

ii. Materials engineered to such a small scale are often referred to as engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), which can take on unique optical, magnetic, electrical, and other properties. These emergent properties have the potential for great impacts in electronics, medicine, and other fields.

2. Nanocomposite:-

i. Nano composites are a multiphase solid material where one of the phases has one, two or three dimensions of less than 100 nanometers (nm), or structures having nano-scale repeat distances between the different phases that make up the material.

ii. In the broadest sense this definition can include porous media, colloids, gelsand copolymers, but is more usually taken to mean the solid combination of a bulk matrix and nano-dimensional phases differing in properties due to dissimilarities in structure and chemistry.

iii. The mechanical, electrical, thermal, optical, electrochemical, catalytic properties of the nano-composite will differ markedly from that of the component materials.

iv. Size limits for these effects have been proposed <5 nm for catalytic activity, <20 nm for making a hard magnetic material soft, <50 nm for refractive index changes, and <100 nm for achieving super paramagnetism, mechanical strengthening or restricting matrix dislocation movement.

v. In mechanical terms, nano-composites differ from conventional composite materials due to the exceptionally high surface to volume ratio of the reinforcing phase and/or its exceptionally high aspect ratio.

vi. The reinforcing material can be made up of particles (e.g. minerals), sheets (e.g. exfoliated clay stacks) or fibres (e.g. carbon nanotubes).

vii. The area of the interface between the matrix and reinforcement phases is typically an order of magnitude greater than for conventional composite materials.

viii. The matrix material properties are significantly affected in the vicinity of the reinforcement.

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modified 11 months ago  • written 11 months ago by gravatar for Atharv Inamdar Atharv Inamdar650
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