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Define trap. Explain different types of trap.
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• A trap is a bent or depressed sanitary fitting which always remain full of water.

• Water remains in trap is water seal, which is measured as the vertical distance between crown and dip of a trap.

• The depth of seal water in practice varies from 25mm to 35mm.

Traps are classified in the following two ways:

According to Shape:

  1. P trap

  2. Q trap

  3. S trap

According to Shape:

1.Floor trap

  1. Gully trap

  2. Intercepting trap

P trap : The legs of trap are at right angle to each other.

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Q trap: The legs of trap meet at an angle on the than right angle.

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S trap: The legs of trap are parallel.

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i) Floor Trap:

• Floor trap is known as nahni trap.

• A cost iron cover with grating is provided at top, so as to prevent entry of solid matter.

• Nahni trap is located in bathroom.

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ii) Gully Trap:

• Gully trap usually made of stone ware and cast iron grating is provided at its top.

• It is filled inside a masonry chamber.

• It is kept at floor or pavement or ground level.

• It is usually situated near the external force of wall and it is kept slightly higher than ground level.

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iii) Intercepting trap:

• The main idea of providing the intercepting is to prevent the entry of sewer gases from public sewer line into the house drains.

• This trap was water seal of 100mm.

• Trap contains an inspection arm for the purpose of cleaning or inspection.

• Intercepting trap is provided in the last manhole at the junction of the house drain and public sewer line.

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