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Explain feedback topologies with the help of a neat block diagram.
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There are mainly four types of feedback topologies

a) voltage series feedback

b) voltage shunt feedback

c) current series feedback

d) current shunt feedback.

a) Voltage Series Feedback/ Series Shunt Feedback

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here we use combination of voltage sampling or shunt sampling and series mixing. the circuit consist of a basic voltage amplifier with input resistance Ri and open loop voltage gain AV. the feedback circuit samples the output signal and produce a feedback voltage, which is in series with i/p signal voltage Vi.

b) Voltage Shunt/Shunt Shunt Feedback

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Here the feedback samples a portion of the voltage and converts it into current. this feedback circuit can therefore be thought of a current to voltage amplifier. the circuit consist of a basic amplifier that converts error current to an output voltage with gain factor AV. The feedback circuit sampling the output voltage and produce a feedback current Ifb, which is in shunt with input signal current Ii.

c) Current Series/Series Series Feedback

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The feedback samples a portion of output current and converts it to a voltage. this feedback circuit can be used as a voltage to current amplifier. the circuit consist of a basic amplifier that converts error voltage to an output current with a gain. factor AV. The feedback circuit samples the output current I which is in series with the i/p signal voltage Vi.

d) Current : Shunt/Shunt Series Feedback

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The circuit consist of a basic amplifier circuit. i.e. current amplifier with an open loop gain AV. The feedback circuit samples the output and produces a feedback current ifb which is in shunt with an i/p signal current Ii. in this configuration the feedback circuit does not load down the basic amplifier o/p, therefore the load current Io is not affected.

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