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What is acid rain? What are its effects?
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Acid rain is a rainfall or atmospheric moisture that has been mixed with some pollutants that has made the mositure more acidic than usual. Chemicals produced as a result of burning fuels are the main reasons behind the formation of acid rain. Sulphur dioxide and Nitrogen dioxide are some of the harmful gases which when produced as a result of burning fuel, reacts with tiny water droplets to produce sulphuric and nitric acid. Hence rain fall as a result is known as acid rain. 

There are many harmful effects of acid rain. Some of them are listed below:

  • Acid rain causes acidifcation of lakes and streams.
  • Acid rain damages trees at high elevation.
  • Acid rain also damages many sensitive forest soils.
  • Acid rain accelerates the decay of building materials and paints.
  • Acid rain impacts human health.
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