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Design a Non-Overlapping Moore Sequence Detector for the sequence 1101
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Sequence Detector

  • A Sequence detector is a sequential state machine used to detect consecutive bits in a binary string.
  • To do this it takes an input string of bits and generates an output of 1 whenever the target sequence has been detected.
  • Finite State Machine (FSM), an important category of sequential circuits, is used frequently in designing digital systems.
  • There are two main FSM models for sequential circuits:
    • Mealy Model - In this type of circuit the output depends on the external inputs and the current state of the machine.
    • Moore Model - In this type of circuit the output of the system only depends on the current state of the machine.
  • There are two types of sequence detectors depending on the type of sequence they identify, which are as follows:

Overlapping Sequence Detector:

  • In this type of sequence detector allows overlap, the final bits of one sequence can be the start of another sequence.
  • For example, will be an 1101 sequence detector. It raises an output of 1 when the last 4 binary bits received are 1101.

Non-Overlapping Sequence Detector:

  • In this type of sequence detector does not allow overlap, but resets itself to the start state when the sequence has been detected.
  • For example, after the initial sequence 1101 has been detected, the detector with no overlap resets and starts searching for the initial 1 of the next sequence.

Here, we see Non-Overlapping Moore Sequence Detector for the sequence 1101 in detail.

State diagram for 1101 sequence detector using Moore machine (Non - Overlapping):

Moore 1101

A Moore state diagram produces a unique output for every state irrespective of inputs.

State table for 1101 sequence detector using Moore machine (Non - Overlapping):

ST Moore 1101

  • Output in a Moore sequential circuit is associated with a current state only.
  • The output Y does not depend on input X.

Excitation table for 1101 sequence detector using Moore machine (Non - Overlapping):

ET Moore 1101

This Excitation Table indicates that Combinational logic is divided into two parts

  • Next state logic depends on input and current state.
  • Output logic depends on the current state only.

Block diagram for 1101 sequence detector using Moore machine (Non - Overlapping):

Block Diagram for Moore Machine

  • Both output and state change synchronous to the clock edge.
  • The output is generally produced in the next clock cycle.
  • Safer to use because states change on the clock edge.
  • Output depends only on the present state of the circuit only.
  • It uses more states than the Mealy machine. Therefore, circuit implementation needs more cost.
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