On the basis of the government’s identification of our nation’s critical infra- structure, the Executive Office of the President and the OSTP developed a research plan structured around nine science, engineering, and technology themes that would support the entire critical infrastructure sectors previously enumerated.
The nine focused areas to encourage R&D for the critical infrastructure sectors are as follows:
Detection and sensor systems
Protection and prevention
Entry and access portals
Analysis and decision support systems
Response, recovery and reconstitution
New and emerging threats and vulnerabilities
Advanced infrastructure architectures and systems design
Human and social issues
By mapping the long-term overarching goals to five sciences and engineering and technology themes, the following R&D priorities were created:
Improve sensor performance
Develop technology to detect unexploded ordinance.
Develop a real-time global positioning system synchronized for electrical grid monitoring.
Improve sensor arrays and improve explosive and radiological detection.
Improve sensors for detection of tampering with water systems and building, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems.
Improve SCADA security for water systems and HVAC systems.
Advance risk modeling, simulation, and analysis for decision support
Standardize vulnerability analysis and risk analysis of critical infrastructure sectors.
Conduct quantitative risk assessments to better quantify terror- ism risks to the critical infrastructure sectors.
Develop new methods for protection from automated detection of, response to, and recovery from attacks on critical information infrastructure systems.
Foster migration to a more secure Internet infrastructure.
Address the insider threat
- Improve technologies such as intent determination and anoma- lous behavior monitoring for insider threat detection, covering physical and cyber infrastructure.
Improve large-scale situational awareness for critical infrastructure
- Define the communication and computing system architecture needed to create a national common operating picture of the nation’s critical infrastructures.