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Explain The Translations in The configuration space in detail.
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Solution:

The configuration space will be two –dimensional or three-dimensional depending upon whether or not the mobile polygon is allowed to rotate. Consider a scene with two polygonal parts.

enter image description here

Suppose triangle A is the mobile part and rectangle B is an obstacle. A can translate but not rotate.

The mobile part might represent a payload being manipulated by the robot.

For a mobile part A as in the figure above, consider a reference point r somewhere on the part.

To convert to configuration space, shrink the mobile part to its reference point r while simultaneously growing the obstacles to compensate.

By sliding part A along the the boundary of obstacle B and tracing out the locus of points traversed by the reference point r which makes the obstacles grow in the case of pure translations.

enter image description here

From the figure, triangle A is shrunk to its reference point r, rectangle B grows into a five-sided polygon $B_A$. It becomes an enlarged obstacle $B_A$ as a configuration space obstacle induced by $\mathrm{A}$.

The robot workspace can be regarded as a hole in a large obstacle. Therefore, the walls of the workspace have grown inward which corresponds to sliding triangle A along the boundary of the workspace which can be referred from the figure;

enter image description here

As the reference point of triangle, A stays outside the configuration space obstacle B A, triangle A will not collide with obstacle B.

Hence the configuration space obstacle contains the original obstacle as a subset. The mobile part and the obstacle are both convex and so is the obstacle.

Configuration space is very effective when applied to purely translational motion in a plane as the shortest path can readily be found.

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