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A rectangular waveguide cavity is made from a piece of copper WR - $187 \mathrm{H}$-band waveguide, with $a=4.755 \mathrm{~cm}$ and $b=2.215 \mathrm{~cm}$. The cavity is filled with polyethylene..

A rectangular waveguide cavity is made from a piece of copper WR - $187 \mathrm{H}$-band waveguide, with $a=4.755 \mathrm{~cm}$ and $b=2.215 \mathrm{~cm}$. The cavity is filled with polyethylene $\left(\epsilon_r=2.25, \tan \delta=0.0004\right)$. If the resonance is to occur at $f=5 \mathrm{GHz}$, find the required length $d$, and the resulting unloaded $Q$ for the $l=1$ and $l=2$ resonant modes.

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Solution:

We first calculate the wavenumber $k$ at $5 \mathrm{GHz}$ $$ k=\frac{2 \pi f \sqrt{\epsilon_r}}{c}=157.08 / m $$

The dominant mode is $\mathrm{TE}_{101}$ so $m=1, n=0$. Then we can find the resonance for $l=1$ and 2

$$ d=\frac{l \pi}{\sqrt{k^2-\left(\frac{\pi}{a}\right)^{\wedge} 2}} $$

For $l=1$,

$$ d=2.20 \mathrm{~cm} $$

For $l=2$,

$$ d=4.40 \mathrm{~cm} $$

Now we can calculate the unloaded Q. The Q due to conductor loss is given by,

$$ Q_c=\frac{(k a d)^3 b \eta}{2 \pi^2 R_s} \frac{1}{\left(2 l^2 a^3 b+2 b d^3+l^2 a^3 d+a d^3\right)} $$

Where $\eta=\frac{377}{\sqrt{\epsilon_r}}=251.3 \Omega$ for polyethylene.

For $l=1, \quad Q_c=8,403$

For $l=2, \quad Q_c=11,898$

The Q due to dielectric loss is given by,

$$ Q_d=\frac{1}{\tan \delta}=2,500 $$

For both $l=1$ and 2. Then the total unloaded $Q s$ are

For $l=1, \quad Q_0=\left(\frac{1}{8,403}+\frac{1}{2,500}\right)^{-1}=1927$

For $l=2, \quad Q_0=\left(\frac{1}{11,898}+\frac{1}{2,500}\right)^{-1}=2065$

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